Egypt offers many exciting activities beyond the well-known Pyramids of Giza and Luxor archaeological sites. For first-time visitors, these landmarks are a must-see, along with a Nile cruise. However, Egypt also has stunning desert landscapes, beautiful beaches, and coral reefs perfect for scuba diving. For those who enjoy hiking, Mount Sinai is an excellent destination. Additionally, there are luxurious resorts to relax in. Egypt’s diverse offerings are not limited to ancient history and ruins.

Here are the best activities and things to do in Egypt:

1. Go to the Giza Pyramids

The Pyramids of Giza, along with the Sphinx, are one of the world’s most well-known landmarks. They were built at the beginning of recorded human history. The oldest of the three main pyramids on the Giza plateau is the Great Pyramid of Giza, also known as the Pyramid of Khufu or the Pyramid of Cheops. This pyramid is the earliest of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World and the only Ancient Wonder that has largely survived. When visiting the Giza Pyramids, spend at least three hours there. This will give you enough time to explore the interior of the Great Pyramid, go to Panoramic Point, and take pictures next to the Sphinx

2. Take a Nile River Cruise between Luxor and Aswan

Floating along the Nile River and going past the broken buildings of old temples and tombs is a very enjoyable activity in Egypt. The majority of cruises travel between Aswan and Luxor, stopping at Esna, Edfu, and Kom Ombo along the way. If you want a timeless and calming way to travel between Luxor and Aswan, a Nile cruise is the ideal choice.

3. Visit the Egyptian Museum to learn about history

The Egyptian Museum is home to the largest collection of Egyptian artifacts in the world. A visit here is a must-see for anyone interested in ancient Egyptian history. The museum boasts impressive exhibits, including the Tutankhamun solid gold mask and golden sarcophagi, the Royal Mummies chamber, and an array of sculptures, jewelry, and artifacts. Plan for your visit to last around two hours. You’ll find the museum located in Cairo’s Tahrir Square. To make your trip as easy as possible, we recommend hiring a driver and guide. Alternatively, you can use services like Uber or take a taxi or public transit. The journey from the Giza Plateau to the museum takes approximately 30 minutes.

4. Explore Historic Old Cairo

One of the best ways to complete your visit to Cairo is by taking a city tour to Old Cairo. This region is the center of Cairo’s history, where you can witness the biggest collection of ancient Islamic architecture. It is one of the world’s oldest Islamic towns with numerous mosques, madrassas, fortresses, and tombs dating from Egypt’s Islamic period. Major attractions in Islamic Cairo include Al-Azhar Mosque, Ibn Tulun Mosque, Salah El-Din Citadel with the Mohamed Ali Mosque inside it, a stroll along Al-Muizz li-Din Allah al-Fatima Street (also known as al-Muizz), shopping in Khan el-Khalili, and Al-Rifa’i Mosque.Coptic Cairo, located in the southern part of the city, is where you can find the earliest habitations dating back to the sixth century BC. You can see several tourist attractions in this area that date back to Egypt’s Christian history, as well as a synagogue and the earliest mosque ever constructed in Africa. The most popular attractions in Coptic Cairo include the Hanging Church, the Church of St. Sergius and Bacchus, and the Ben Ezra Synagogue

5. Go to Saqqara to see the DJOSER Step Pyramid

Saqqara necropolis has several pyramids that you can explore during your visit. However, the most remarkable one is the Step Pyramid of Djoser, which is the oldest complex made of stone in the world. After undergoing 14 years of restoration work, this pyramid was reopened to the public in 2020. A visit to this iconic landmark is incomplete without descending the narrow passages and stairs beneath the pyramid, which is a must-have experience.


The Red Pyramid and the Bent Pyramid, two of Egypt’s earliest pyramids, are just a short drive from Cairo. The Red Pyramid, the first with smooth sides, was built by the ancient Egyptians as they honed their pyramid-building techniques. Dahshur pyramids offer a thrilling tour as you descend via narrow, steep tunnels to reach the historic chambers. It’s an exciting attraction to visit visiting during your stay in Cairo.

7. Travel to Alexandria

Alexandria is the second-largest city in Egypt and a popular tourist destination. It is located on the Mediterranean Sea and can be reached from Cairo in a day or by staying overnight. The city has several attractions that visitors can explore, such as the Pompey Pillar, Alexandria National Museum, Bibliotheca Alexandrina, Corniche, Stanley Bridge, Catacombs of Kom El Shoqafa, and Montazah Palace Gardens.


Sharm El-Sheikh is a popular beach resort city in Egypt that’s perfect for relaxing on the beach or taking a break from visiting tombs and temples. There are many activities to enjoy here, such as scuba diving, exploring Ras Mohammed National Park, browsing the Sharm Old Market, or even unwinding at Naama Bay and Shark’s Bay.

9. Go to Taba and Dahab

On the Sinai Peninsula, you can find two small resort towns located by the Gulf of Aqaba. Taba is the farthest town in Egypt from the Red Sea. Taba has a lot to offer, such as scuba diving, swimming in Fjord Bay, visiting Salah El-Din and Castle Zaman, and taking a day trip to the Coloured Canyon. Dahab, once a Bedouin fishing village, is now a top diving destination in Sinai, famous for windsurfing. You can go diving at the Blue Hole in Dahab, which is known as “The World’s Most Dangerous Diving.

10. Visit The White Desert in Egypt

The White Desert is a national park located in Egypt’s Western Desert and is famous for its unique limestone rock formations. To visit this beautiful desert environment, a 4*4 vehicle is necessary due to the long distance from Cairo. Most tourists opt for a guided tour to explore the White Desert and often combine it with visits to the Black Desert and the Bahariya Oasis. Egypt has a lot of exciting places to visit, and with this list of the best things to do in Egypt, you can plan an adventure that suits your interests. Even if you only have a day or two, you can still explore some of Egypt’s amazing destinations.